Many people claim to be Leaders! As a matter of fact, sometimes people assume leadership the moment they have staff to supervise or a group to lead. And sometimes Managers are treated or expected to be Leaders when in fact they don’t know how to lead but manage.
Confusing right?? Keep reading!
Although sometimes people treat the terms management and leadership as synonyms, the two should be distinguished. Take this for instance, there can be leaders of completely unorganised groups, right? On the other hand, there can be managers, as considered here, only where organised structures create roles, i.e place of employment.
Separating leadership from management has important advantages. It allows leadership to be singled out without considering a person’s qualifications, as compared to the general issues of management.
To clarify, leadership is certainly an important aspect of managing. The ability to lead effectively is one of the keys to being an effective manager. Also, undertaking the other essentials of managing, i.e doing the entire managerial job has an important bearing on ensuring that a manager will be an effective leader.
Does this describe you, your up-line or someone else on your mind? Here are some clues that might help you out.
Leaders have followers. The essence of leadership is followership. In other words, it is the willingness of other people to follow that makes a person a leader. We know that people tend to follow those whom they see as providing a means of achieving their own desires, wants and needs.
Managers have staff to supervise. In other words, managers have clearly defined roles and they exercise all the functions of their roles in order to combine human and material resources to achieve objectives. The key to doing this is a degree of discretion or authority to support their actions.
Leaders influence people. There is an element of influencing people so that they strive willingly and enthusiastically toward the achievement of goals. Ideally, people are encouraged to develop not only a willingness to work but also a willingness to work with zeal and confidence.
Managers basically give instructions or direction. They may or may not be required to take action to advance themselves or their business.
Leaders have visions. They’re in it long-term to achieve the dream. And they see the people as competent enough to work with them to achieve the vision.
Managers have objectives. They work on prescribed goals (short-term). They rely on control to carry out tasks/functions.